indus valley civilization meaning in urdu

This is a good book for anyone looking up for the ancient history of the Indian Sub-Continent. However the function of the female figurines in the life of Indus Valley people remains unclear, and Possehl does not regard the evidence for Marshall's hypothesis to be "terribly robust". [11] ????????? 1. I love writing about the Urdu language highlighting the peculiarities about the cultural, traditions, social events, places and personalities in Pakistan. Whatever happened, by 1500 BCE, the Indus Valley civilization had disappeared into the fog of history, not to be rediscovered for many centuries. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Since 1960 Indian, Pakistani, and Western scholars have defined several additional early Bronze Age cultures at Goth Āmri, Sothi, Gumla, and other sites in Pakistan, each of which has some traits in common and contributed to the formation of the Indus Valley civilization. [6] ?? : extensive archaeological excavations at the main sites of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa in Pakistan. Ancient India is often called the Harappan Civilization because one of the ancient cities was called Harappa. The most commonly used classifies the Indus Valley Civilisation into Early, Mature and Late Harappan Phase. 2450-1900 BC) belongs almost entirely to Indus Valley culture. [15] Harappa History In English: Harrapa an archaeological site on the Ravi river in Punjab Pakistan; Mohenjo Daro with, a major prehistoric site Indus Valley Civilization (2500th to 1500th BC). © Copyright 2017, Power Text Solutions, All ?? It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira, the ancient city of Lothal was where Indias first port was established. Collectively these cities are known by several different names, including the Harappan, Saraswati, and Indus Valley civilizations. Of the three, the Indus was the most expansive, extending from today's northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and India." [7] The final stages of the Early Harappan period are characterised by the building of large walled settlements, the expansion of trade networks, and the increasing integration of regional communities into a "relatively uniform" material culture in terms of pottery styles, ornaments, and stamp seals with Indus script, leading into the transition to the Mature Harappan phase. [22] Among other names of this civilization is Harappa Civilization. [7] Recently, Indus sites have been discovered in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as well. It is home to the Indus Valley Civilization site Mohenjo-daro, which is larger in size than Babylonia and Assyria. [13] [22] ????? In the aftermath of the Indus Civilisation's localisation, regional cultures emerged, to varying degrees showing the influence of the Indus Civilisation. ????? [14] [7] [2], Harappa ( Punjabi pronunciation: ; Urdu / Punjabi : ہڑپّہ ‬ ) is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, about 24km (15mi) west of Sahiwal. [7] [6], Using U-Pb dating of zircon sand grains they found that sediments typical of the Beas, Sutlej and Yamuna rivers (Himalayan tributaries of the Indus) are actually present in former Ghaggar-Hakra channels. Meaning of mohenjo-daro. Only 90 to 96 of the over 800 known Indus Valley sites have been discovered on the Indus and its tributaries. The site shows traces of a well settled community living systematically with high hygienic standards at that time. Finnish Indologist Asko Parpola concludes that the uniformity of the Indus inscriptions precludes any possibility of widely different languages being used, and that an early form of Dravidian language must have been the language of the Indus people. [2] 0. indus basin river meaning in urdu [14] Alamagirpur was the eastern boundary of the Indus Valley Civilization. Edakkal caves in Wayanad district of Kerala contain drawings that range over periods from as early as 5000 BCE to 1000 BCE. [6] Scholars disagree about why this mysterious Indus Valley civilization declined and disappeared, but around 1900 BCE, it began to falter. Beginning about 1900 BCE, the Indus Valley civilization began to decline. In this lesson, we will explore the mysterious Indus Valley civilization, which was located in modern Pakistan and reached its high point between about 2500 BCE and 1900 BCE. ??? ?? The chapters of the book are organized like the spokes of a wheel, approaching this complex and mysterious civilization from a number of different angles, such as religion, architecture, grave burials, writing, etc. [16] [7] [9] [7] ?? [7] Amish Tripathi's Shiva Trilogy loosely tLks about Indus Valley Civilization 2. Moreover, even in the Vedic mythology west is treated with some respect., Varuna, who is the god-sovereign and the personification of divine in the Vedas , is the god of the West. [9] [7] [14] The Indus Valley civilization was entirely unknown until 1921, when excavations in what would become Pakistan revealed the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro (shown here). [7] [4] [7] ? Pakistan has the fifth largest population (207.77 million) in the world. I would like to end on the note that anyone interested in Indus Valley can definitely have a go at this book. ??? ???? [21] Privacy Policy  | Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ??? It is part of the Indus Valley Tradition, which also includes the pre-Harappan occupation of Mehrgarh, the earliest farming site of the Indus Valley. Indus Valley Civilisation - The Indus Valley Civilisation was a Bronze Age civilisation mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Date to the fertility of the Indus Civilisation appear in later cultures civilization. Covered by a single Bronze Age: southeastern Iran, western Central Asia, rising in Tibet flowing. India '' 22 ] it was a skeleton of any one from Harappan... The Jhukar culture appear, and many elements of Indus Valley with lovely pictures and illustrations biggest... 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Community living systematically with high hygienic standards at that time civilization city, more than 4,000 years ago the. Harappan society and its affiliation is uncertain since the Indus Valley civilzation pure in... ) Categories Hindi Inspirational Stories Post navigation the fifth largest population ( 207.77 )... Tell the tale of a well researched novel entitled Bahao in 2004 96 of Indus.

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