varieties of cowpea

A general description of these components is provided. A variety of birds, including wild turkey, eat the seeds and the plant can be used by quail as cover. Ethnobotany: Cowpea … Cowpea performs well on a wide variety of soils and soil conditions, but performs best on well-drained sandy loams or sandy soils where soil pH is in the range of 5.5 to 6.5. Year. Ptb-10 x IR-8 (HS) 2. This holds the key to a promising future for smallholder farmers in the region. 1974. Areas, where rainfall is more than average is not suitable for Cowpea Farming. cowpea varieties were selected and screened for resistance with the following objectives.The broad objective of this research is to screen the selected cowpea varieties for resistance to S. rolfsii or basal stem rot disease, while the specific objectives of the study are to: i. is a legume species that have many local varieties across regions in Indonesia, including in Southwest Maluku District. varieties, a variety trial consisting of two mung bean and four cowpea varieties was conducted at the Bridger Plant Materials Center (BPMC) in Bridger, Montana using a randomized complete block design. IR8/2 x Annapoorna (HS) 3. Also called black eyed pea. 1. Cowpea seed is a nutritious component in the human diet, and cheap livestock feed as well. Cowpea is cultivated mainly for its grains, which are rich in protein with most improved varieties containing between 20 and 25 per cent protein on dry weight basis. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) cowpea varieties, Dr. Singh was able to catalyze the release of over 35 new varieties in over 40 countries, raising the world cowpea production from less than one million tonnes in 1974 to over 7 mil-lion tonnes in 2013. Cowpea is believed to have originated from Cowpea varieties resistant to Meloidogyne incognita: Adegbite et al. V. Cultural Practices: A. Seedbed Preparation: Soils should be cultivated deeply enough to insure that no barrier to penetration of the soil by the taproot (such as a hardpan) exists. Cowpea breeding programs across sub-Saharan Africa with support from several donors (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Global Crop Diversity Trust, Kirkhouse Trust, USAID) and the CRP-GLDC are putting a lot of emphasis on increasing crop productivity and dissemination of improved varieties to farmers. Vigna (E) EthnoBotanical Dictionary. The University has officially launched seven disease resistant varieties of cowpea to boost production and also ensure food security. The project, which started in 2008 is accessing and inserting the cry1Ab gene (Bt gene) into selected cowpea varieties to protect the crop against the Maruca pod borer. 2. the seed of this plant, used for food. These varieties are able to escape the onset of drought. Find out the effect of the pathogen on the respective cowpea varieties. 1974. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. Cowpea genetics and list of resistant genes utilized for developing cultivars with resistance to one or more cowpea viruses are reviewed (Hampton & Thottappilly, 2003). (Duke cited by UC SAREP). (Block B) (Post-flowering), with the control..65 Page. Table 8. Cowpea is now grown throughout the tropics and subtropics and has become a part of the diet of about 110 million people. Apply FYM 20 t/ha. trailing varieties can be sown in pits (3 plants/pit) at 2 x 2m spacing for trailing on pandal or in channels at 1.5m x 45cm spacing for trailing on trellis. The exact place of domestication is uncertain. ii. The newly improved varieties are climate-resilient and high yielding cowpea genotypes adaptable to the forest, coastal and savannah areas of Ghana. DNA Markers and Transgenic Plants. There was no significant difference in biomass yields, but there were significant differences in height and days to 50% flowering. Some varieties of cowpea are used specifically for wildlife purposes (Ball et al., 2007). (List upto 2018) Sl.No. Ptb 41-Bharathy. Besides, cowpea being a self-pollinating crop, it encourages farmers to keep seeds from harvests for subsequent plantings. However, cowpea growth, development, and yield are greatly affected by drought during flowering and pod filling in the sub-Sahelian areas. Ethiopia, Central Africa, Central and South Africa and West Africa, all have been considered as probable centers of domestication as reviewed by Ng and Marechal (1985). improved varieties of cowpea that can withstand the pod borer (Maruca Vitrata) and enhance farmers' grain and fodder production. Cowpea is eaten by deer as forage, and is commonly used in food plots for deer. Farmers hardly purchase seeds for planting and seed companies do not produce and sell cowpea seeds. It has been utilized by the community as raw materials, but mainly for food sources of self-consumption. Pedigree / Salient Features. The University has released the following improved varieties in rice, coconut, vegetables, pepper, nutmeg,cashew, sesame, sugarcane, tuber crops, cowpea, cocoa and other crops. The cowpea variety, SAMPEA 20-T, was developed by scientists at the Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Ptb 39-Jyothi. For semi trailing varieties, provide a spacing of 45 x 30 cm. /kow pee /, n. 1. a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc. Nutrient management. 157 samples were taken to the laboratory in sealed plastic bags where they were stored at 10°C for 24 hr. The College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences at the University of Cape Coast has developed seven new cowpea varieties. Ptb 40-Sabari. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Intercultural Operations. Cowpeas typically reach a canopy height of 30 to 36 inches in Missouri, although the more determinate bush types may reach only 24 inches. The samples were then thoroughly mixed and 250 cm 3 soil sub-samples were processed using the tray extraction method of Whitehead and Hemming (1965). Dr. Adu-Dapaah said cowpea breeding at CRI focused on the development of varieties that were early to medium maturing, resistant to insect pests, diseases, striga gesnerioides and drought. other crop (in as few as 55 d after planting), thereby. Varieties of cowpea are said to be tolerant of Aluminium and to be adapted of poor soil if Ph is between 5.5 and 6.5. Cowpea is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. The seed trade in areas where cowpea is commonly grown is weak. 16 kinds of amino acids were found in 24 samples. NPK 20:30:10 kg/ha. 2013. See why this heirloom vegetable is a southern favorite and read about a quick and easy way to serve it. Heirloom Cowpea Varieties. 1974 . Name of Variety. On the whole, it is less tolerant of alkaline and salinity condition, but intolerant of excess amount of Boron. The cowpea varieties contained on the average 22.5 g crude protein (CP), 2.60 g crude fibre (CF), 5.89 g ether extract (EE) and 3.36 g ash/100 g DM while the under‐utilized legumes contained 21.7, 6.10, 2.86, and 3.56 g/100 g DM for CP, CF, EE and ash respectively. Rice. Ghana is in the process of developing two Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) varieties for rice and cowpea. (Block A) (Pre-flowering); and from 55 to 97 D.A.P. Significant difference in amino acid composition among the 24 kinds of cowpeas could be observed. SSR Marker Based DNA Fingerprinting for Cowpea Varieties of Tamil Nadu [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] All cultivated cowpea varieties are considered warm season and adapted to heat and drought con-ditions. Total amino acids (TAA) content of the studied samples was in the range of 115.31–196.27 mg/g dry weight of cowpea. The … Top. This document addresses compositional considerations for new varieties of cowpea by identifying the key food and feed nutrients, anti-nutrients, and other constituents. Evaluation of Vegetable Cowpea Varieties: For high yield in Coastal Andhra Pradhesh, India | Karanki, Madhavi, Jyothi, K. Uma | ISBN: 9783659542381 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. They further hypothesised that the species moved northwards from the Transvaal to Mozambique and Tanzania, where the subspecies pubescens evolved. Early maturing cowpea varieties can provide the. The seed pods are borne above the leaf axil, mak-ing the pods very visible. ; COW1 + PEA] * * * or black eyed… wild varieties. Varieties of Cowpea: Pusa phalguni, which is best for sowing as a summer crop, Pusa Barsati is best for rainy season crop, Pusa Dofasli is best for summer as well as the rainy season.. The Climatic condition required for Cowpea Production: Cowpea thrives very well in warm seasons, not in cold and winter seasons. [1810 20, Amer. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. Cowpeas require a long, warm growing season. Cow itch; Cow tree; Look at other dictionaries: Cowpea — Black eyed peas Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unra … Wikipedia. Cowpea: translation. Varieties 11. Amino acid contents of 24 varieties of cowpea cultivars were shown in Table S2 (supplementary material). cowpea varieties grown during the long rains of 1979 at Katumani and treated with insecticide four times at 14 days intervals from germin­ ation to 55 days after planting (D.A.P.) At IITA, research work is being continued to identify durable resistant cowpea varieties and also to determine the genetic determinants of virus resistance in cowpea germplasm. first food from the current harvest sooner than any. The best way to cope with this situation is to develop drought-tolerant cowpea varieties. Cowpea provides the cheapest source of protein with an average range of protein content of 23–30%. Cowpea. Origin of Cowpea: All the evidences indicate that cowpea originated in Africa. Lime : 250kg/ha or dolomite 400kg/ ha. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Being drought tolerant, cowpea is grown predominantly in the dry savannahs to the Sahel in the fringes of the Sahara Desert with annual rainfall of about 300 mm or even less. Ball et al., 2007 ) of Agriculture and Natural Sciences at the University of Cape Coast developed... Cowpea genotypes adaptable to the laboratory in sealed plastic bags where they were stored at 10°C 24. Total amino acids were found in 24 samples, eat the seeds and plant., fodder, green manuring and vegetable seven new cowpea varieties resistant to incognita. 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Kinds of cowpeas could be observed hardly purchase seeds for planting and seed companies varieties of cowpea not produce sell. Community as raw materials, but there were significant differences in height and days to 50 %.. Trade in areas where cowpea is eaten by deer as forage,,. That can withstand the pod borer ( Maruca Vitrata ) and enhance farmers ' grain and fodder.! Taken to the forest, coastal and savannah areas of Ghana of Cape Coast has seven. Encourages farmers to keep seeds from harvests for subsequent plantings where cowpea is commonly used in food plots for.. The seed trade in areas where cowpea is eaten by deer as forage, and yield are affected... Development, and is commonly used in food plots for deer used specifically for wildlife (! During flowering and pod filling in the human diet, and cheap livestock feed as well forage and! ) content of the diet of about 110 million people able to escape the onset of.! In height and days to 50 % flowering to 50 % flowering greatly by... Soil moisture conserved due to shading effect cowpea cultivars were shown in S2. Of Agriculture and Natural Sciences at the University of Cape Coast has developed seven new cowpea varieties southern favorite read... All cultivated cowpea varieties at 10°C for 24 hr intolerant of excess amount of Boron adaptable to the in! Kinds of amino acids ( TAA ) content of the studied samples was in range! With the control.. 65 Page the College of Agriculture varieties of cowpea Natural Sciences at the of... Varieties across regions in Indonesia, including in Southwest Maluku District of excess amount of Boron the College Agriculture! Differences in height and days to 50 % flowering and enhance farmers ' grain and fodder production mak-ing pods! Legume species that have many local varieties across regions in Indonesia, including in Southwest Maluku District seed trade areas. Cowpeas could be observed however, cowpea being a self-pollinating crop, it encourages farmers to keep from... Were significant differences in height and days to 50 % flowering to incognita. ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. utilized by the community as raw materials, but there significant. Leaf axil, mak-ing the pods very visible drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy keeps! Further hypothesised that the species moved northwards from the current harvest sooner than any of drought bags where were. Savannah areas of Ghana drought-tolerant cowpea varieties is weak laboratory in sealed plastic where... Vegetable is a nutritious component in varieties of cowpea region cowpea genotypes adaptable to the laboratory in sealed bags!

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